Itshe,Iphepha isikelo

Rock iphepha isiyence (kwaziwa futhi nangamanye orderings izinto ezintathu, nge "idwala" ngezinye izikhathi ngokuthi "itshe" noma njengoba Rochambeau, roshambo, noma ro-mbumbulu-bo) kuwuumdlalo uvame ukudlalwa phakathi kwabantu ababili, lapho umdlali ngamunye ngasikhathi sinye akha umumo owodwa kwezintathu ngesandla eseluliwe.Lezi zimo "yidwala" (isibhakela esivaliwe), "iphepha" (isandla esiyisicaba), kanye "nezikele" (isibhakela esinomunwe wokukhomba nomunwe ophakathi, okwakha i-V)."Isikele" siyefana nophawu oluneminwe emibili u-V (futhi lukhombisa "ukunqoba" noma "ukuthula") ngaphandle kokuthi kukhonjwe ngokuvundlile esikhundleni sokubanjwa ume mpo emoyeni.

Umdlalo ngasikhathi sinye, zero-sum, unemiphumela emibili kuphela engenzeka: ukudonsa, noma ukuwina komdlali oyedwa nokulahlekelwa komunye.Umdlali othatha isinqumo sokudlala i-rock uzoshaya omunye umdlali okhethe isikele ("isikelo samatshe" noma kwesinye isikhathi "ashunqise isikele" ), kepha uzolahlekelwa yilowo oseke wadlala iphepha ("paper covers rock"); umdlalo wephepha uzolahlekelwa umdlalo wesikele ("isikele usika iphepha").Uma bobabili abadlali bekhetha ukwakheka okufanayo, umdlalo uboshiwe futhi uvame ukuphindwa ngokushesha ukuze wephule uthayi.Uhlobo lomdlalo lwavela eChina futhi lwasakazeka ngokuxhumana okwandayo ne-East Asia, ngenkathi kuthuthukiswa okwehlukile ngokuhlukahluka kwezimpawu ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Izikele zamaphepha edwala zivame ukusetshenziswa njengendlela yokukhetha efanele phakathi kwabantu ababili, kufana nokufaka uhlamvu lwemali, ukudweba imicu, noma ukuphonsa amadayisi ukuze kuxazululwe impikiswano noma kuthathwe isinqumo seqembu esingachemile.Ngokungafani nezindlela zokukhetha ezingahleliwe ngempela, noma kunjalo, izikele zamaphepha edwala zingadlalwa ngezinga elithile lekhono ngokubona nokuxhaphaza ukungaziphathi okungahleliwe kubaphikisi.

Izingane zaseLaos zidlala isikele
Izingane zaseMyanmar zidlala isikele

Akunakwenzeka ukuthola inzuzo ngaphezu komphikisi ongahleliwe ngempela.Kodwa-ke, ngokuxhaphaza ubuthakathaka bengqondo babaphikisi abangahleliwe, kungenzeka ukuthi uthole inzuzo enkulu. [1]Ngempela, abadlali babantu bavame ukungabi okungahleliwe. [2]Ngenxa yalokhu, kube nemincintiswano yohlelo lwama-algorithms adlala isikele.

Ukudlala kwezimfeneEdit

EJapan, abacwaningi bafundise izimfene ukukhomba izandla eziwinile ngokwemithetho yesikele sephepha.

Ama-analog design designEdit

Emidlalweni eminingi, kujwayelekile ukuthi iqembu lezinketho ezingaba khona lihlanganyele ngesitayela se-rock paper scissors, lapho ukukhethwa ngakunye kunamandla ngokuqhathanisa nokukhetha okuthile, kepha kubuthakathaka komunye.Omakhenikha abanjalo bangenza umdlalo uzilinganise ngandlela thile, uvimbele i-gameplay ukuthi inganqotshwa isu elilodwa elibusayo nohlobo olulodwa lweyunithi.

Imidlalo eminingi yamavidiyo esekwe ngamakhadi eJapan isebenzisa uhlelo lwesikere se-rock paper njengohlelo lwayo lokulwa, ngokunqoba komzuliswano ngamunye ukwazi ukwenza ukuhlasela kwabo okuqokiwe.Ku- Alex Kidd kwi-Miracle World, umdlali kufanele awine imidlalo yesikele yamaphepha we-rock ngokumelene nomphathi ngamunye ukuze aqhubeke.Abanye basebenzisa okwehluka okulula kwesikele sephepha njenge-subgames.

Ama-analog emvelweniEdit

Amasu okukhwishiza ngesilevuEdit

Isibankwa esivamile esigaxwe ohlangothini ( Uta stansburiana ) sikhombisa iphethini lesikele lephepha le-rock kumasu alo wokukhwelana.Ezinhlotsheni zayo ezintathu zombala womphimbo wabesilisa, "i-orange ishaya okwesibhakabhaka, eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ishaya okuphuzi, nephuzi ishaya ngokusawolintshi" ngokuncintisana kwabesifazane, okufana nemithetho yesikele-iphepha-sikelo.

ImiqhudelwanoEdit

 
Abadlali ababili kwi-4 UK Rock Paper Scissors Championships, 2010

Imiqhudelwano ehlukahlukene yokuncintisana yesikele yamaphepha ihlelwe ngamaqembu ahlukene.

Inhlangano ye-World Rock Paper ScissorsEdit

Iqale ngo-2015 i-WRPSA isingathe i-Professional Rock Paper Scissors Tournaments emhlabeni wonke.

Imiqhudelwano yase-UKEdit

Imicimbi eminingi ye-RPS ihlelwe e-United Kingdom yiWacky Nation .Umqhudelwano wokuqala wase-UK waba ngomhlaka 13 Julayi 2007, wabe usubanjwa minyaka yonke.Umcimbi ka-2019 unqotshwe ngu-Ellie Mac oqhubeke wayolanda umklomelo wemali engu- £ 20,000 kodwa akakwazanga ukuphinda kabili umholo wakhe ngo-2020 ngenxa yokuqubuka kwe-coronavirus.

Imiqhudelwano ye-USARPSEdit

I-USA Rock Paper Scissors League ixhaswe nguBud Light.U-Leo Bryan Pacis wayengukhomishani wokuqala we-USARPS.UCody Louis Brown wakhethwa njengokhomishani wesibili we-USARPS ngo-2014.

IGuinness Book of World RecordsEdit

Umqhudelwano omkhulu kunayo yonke weRock Paper Scissors ungu-2,950 futhi utholwe ngu- Oomba, Inc.(USA) eGen Con 2014 e- Indianapolis, e-Indiana, e-United States, ngomhlaka 17 Agasti 2014.

UkuhlukaEdit

 
Okuphrintiwe nguKikukawa Eizan okukhombisa ukuthi i-geisha idlala i-kitsune-ken, okuhlukile okuyi-Japanese rock paper scissors (1820)

Abadlali bakhiqize ukuhlukahluka okuningi kwamasiko nobuntu kulo mdlalo, kusukela ekudlaleni umdlalo ofanayo ngezinto ezahlukahlukene, ukunweba babe yizikhali nemithetho eminingi, nokunikeza igama labo kulo mdlalo ngolimi lwabo lwesizwe.

Izikhali ezahlukeneEdit

Ohlotsheni lwalo mdlalo waseMalaysia, "isikelo" sithathelwa indawo "yinyoni," emelwe ngamathiphu omunwe weminwe emihlanu ehlanganiswe ukwenza uqhwaku.Isundu elivulekile limele "amanzi".Inyoni ishaya amanzi (ngokuwaphuza); itshe lishaya inyoni (ngokuyishaya); netshe lihluleka ukunisela (ngoba liyacwila kulo).

 
Izikele zamaphepha e-Rock Izimpawu zesibankwa
 
Igrafu esuselwe ku-Paper Rock Scissors Fire Water

Noma ikuphi ukwahluka kwe-Rock Paper Scissors igrafu egxile kokunye.Ngokwezibalo zethiyori, inani lamagrafu ahlukanisekayo, lawo wonke umdlalo weRock Paper Scissors ongadlalwa, ukhula nenani lezikhali = 3, 4, 5, ... njengokulandelayo: [3]

7; 42; 582; 21,480; 2,142,288; 575,016,219; 415,939,243,032; … (sequence
  • Izinti (umdlalo wesandla)
  • Amasenti afanayo, okulingana kanambambili
  • IMorra (umdlalo), omunye umdlalo wesandla wokunquma izindaba ezingasho lutho
  • Idayisi elingangeneki
  • Izikele zamaphepha edwala nokuziphatha okujikelezayo kwabantu
  • Ukukhethwa kwesenzo kanyekanye
  • Isu Elihlanganisiwe
  1. Empty citation (help)
  2. Empty citation (help)
  3. Harary, Frank; Palmer, Edgar M. (1973), "Formula 5.4.13", Graphical Enumeration, New York: Academic Press, p. 133, MR0357214 .