Izithelo

 

Izithelo ezintsha
Izithelo zokupheka
Amapomegranati anokuhlukahluka kwamasiko nenkolo

E- botany, isithelo isakhiwo sokuzala imbewu ezitshalweni eziqhakazayo esakhiwa esibelethweni ngemuva kokuqhakaza.

Izithelo yizindlela izitshalo eziqhakazayo (ezaziwa nangokuthi ama-angiosperms ) ezisabalalisa imbewu yazo.Izithelo ezidliwayo ikakhulukazi sekuyisikhathi eside zisakazwa kusetshenziswa ukunyakaza kwabantu nezilwane ebudlelwaneni obusondelene obuyindlela yokusakazeka kwembewu kweqembu elilodwa nokondleka kwelinye; empeleni, abantu nezilwane eziningi sebencike ezithelweni njengomthombo wokudla .Ngenxa yalokho, izithelo zibanga ingxenye enkulu yomkhiqizo wezolimo emhlabeni, kanti ezinye (njenge- aphula nehalananda ) zithole izincazelo eziningi zamasiko nezimpawu.

Ekusetshenzisweni kolimi okuvamile, "isithelo" ngokujwayelekile sisho izakhiwo ezihambisana nembewu (noma umkhiqizo) wezitshalo ezivame ukuba mnandi noma zimuncu futhi zidliwe endaweni eluhlaza, njengama- apula, ubhanana, amagilebhisi, ulamula, amawolintshi, kanye nama- strawberry .Lapho lisetshenziswa Botanical, igama elithi "izithelo" ifaka izakhiwo eziningi ezingenziwanga evame ukubizwa ngokuthi "izithelo", ezifana nati, emabhontjisi pods, corn izikhwebu, utamatisi, futhi ukolweni okusanhlamvu.

I-Botanical vs. CulinaryEdit

 
Umdwebo weVenn okhombisa ukugqagqana nomehluko ekuqambeni imifino yokupheka nezithelo zezitshalo
 
Ukuhlelwa kwezithelo okucatshangwa ukuthi ziyimifino, kufaka phakathi ummbila (ummbila), utamatisi, nesikwashi esihlukahlukene

Amagama amaningi olimi ajwayelekile asetshenziselwa izithelo nembewu ahlukile ekuhlukanisweni kwezitshalo. Isibonelo, e-botany, isithelo yi- ovary evuthiwe noma i-carpel equkethe imbewu; isb. i-apula noma ipomegranati - noma utamatisi (bona umdwebo kaVenn). Amantongomane uhlobo lwesithelo (hhayi imbewu), kanti imbewu iyi- ovule evuthiwe .Ngolimi oluphekwayo, <i id="mwVQ">isithelo</i>, esibizwa kanjalo, yisiphuzo esiphundu noma esingemnandi (noma simuncu) sokunambitha kwesitshalo esithile (isb. Ipentshisi, ipheya noma ulamula); Amantongomane aqinile, anamafutha, akhiqiza isitshalo esingelamnandi kumagobolondo (i- hazelnut, i- acorn ). Imifino, ebizwa kanjalo, imvamisa ingumkhiqizo onomsoco noma ongewona ushukela (i-zucchini, ulethisi, i-broccoli, notamatisi); kepha amanye angaba mnandi (ubhatata). [1]

Izibonelo zezithelo ezihlukaniswe ngezitshalo ngokuvamile ezibizwa ngemifino zifaka: ikhukhamba, ithanga, nesikwashi ( konke kungamakhukhamba ); ubhontshisi, amakinati, nophizi ( yonke imidumba ); ummbila, isitshalo seqanda, upelepele wensimbi (noma upelepele omnandi), notamatisi, (bona isithombe). Izinongo zikapelepele kanye ne- allspice izithelo, uma kukhulunywa ngezitshalo.Ngokuphambene nalokho, i- rhubarb ivame ukubizwa ngokuthi isithelo lapho isetshenziselwa ukwenza ophaya, kepha umkhiqizo odliwayo we-rhubarb empeleni isiqu seqabunga noma i- petiole yesitshalo.Izinhlamvu ze- gymnosperm ezidliwayo zivame ukunikezwa amagama ezithelo, isb. Amantongomane e- ginkgo namantongomane kaphayini .

Ngokwe-Botanically, okusanhlamvu okusanhlamvu, okufana nommbila, ilayisi, noma ukolweni luhlobo lwesithelo (olubizwa nge- caryopsis ).Kodwa-ke, udonga lwezithelo luncane futhi luxhunywe embewini yembewu, ngakho-ke cishe zonke izithelo-zokusanhlamvu ezidliwayo empeleni ziyimbewu.

  1. For a Supreme Court of the United States ruling on the matter, see Nix v. Hedden.